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Additional info for 2007-2008 Basic and Clinical Science Course Section 12: Retina and Vitreous
Continuity and Permanence Continuity and permanence are surgical goals that the author tries to achieve in all operations. After the operation, the crease should be continuous along the width of the eyelid ﬁssure without any interruption or multiplicity. To be considered permanent, the crease should be present well beyond 24 months after the operation: even though a great number of techniques are discussed in the literature, not all of them have predictable and long-lasting results. In my ﬁrst ofﬁce consultation with a new patient, I listen first to their complaints and mentally classify them into a relative order (or wish-list) of those that can be improved upon as opposed to a transient improvement or no improvement at all.
28. Song RY. Further comment on double eyelid operation. [In Chinese] Chin J Plast Surg Burns 1988;4:6–9. D. Chen The configuration of the upper lid crease in Asians varies greatly. The terminology used to describe these configurations also varies, depending on the ethnic group and language concerned. Figure 3-1 illustrates the Chinese characters for the words ‘double-eyelid fold’. Figure 3-2 shows the Japanese Kanji writing for ‘single (one) lid eye’ and ‘double (two) lid eye’. The characters common to Chinese and Japanese for the operation to construct a lid crease are illustrated in Figure 3-3.
Am J Ophthalmol 1968;66:939–946. 19. Boo-Chai K. The Mongolian fold (plica Mongolia). Singapore Med J 1962;3:132–136. 20. Lessa S, Sebastia R. Z-epicanthoplasty. Aesth Plast Surg 1984;8:159–163. 21. del Campo AF. Surgical treatment of the epicanthal fold. Plast Reconstr Surg 1984;73:566–570. 22. Chen WPD. Asian blepharoplasty. Ophthalmol Plast Reconstr Surg 1987;3:135–140. 23. Chen WPD. A comparison of Caucasian and Asian blepharoplasty. Ophthalm Pract 191;9:216–222. 24. Kawai K, Imanishi N, Nakajima H, et al.