By American Academy of Ophthalmology, Hermann D. Schubert MD
Presents an summary of the constitution and serve as of the retina and its dating to the pigment epithelium, choroid and vitreous. Describes the key vitreoretinal problems and applicable diagnostic tools and therapy principles.
In its final significant revision, part 12 was once re-organized into 3 elements. Separate chapters are actually dedicated to age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and retinopathy of prematurity, together with the newest imaging suggestions and choroidal aspect. chosen healing themes contain laser treatment and vitreoretinal surgery.
Upon crowning glory of part 12, readers could be capable to:
Select applicable equipment of exam and ancillary reports for the prognosis of vitreoretinal disorders
Describe the foundations of clinical and surgery of vitreoretinal disorders
Incorporate information from significant potential medical trials within the administration of chosen vitreoretinal issues
Read or Download 2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section 12: Retina and Vitreous PDF
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Extra resources for 2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section 12: Retina and Vitreous
Vascular cast of the choroid from the posterior pole of a 62-year-old man, demonstrating arteries (a), veins (v), and the choriocapillaris (CH). (70x) /Courtesy of A. ) = 18 • Retina a~d Vitreous • capillary arrangement becomes more irregular toward the periphery, where the capillaries are arranged more radially. After passing through the choriocapillaris, the blood is collected in venules, which coalesce into collecting channels, or ampullae, of the vortex veins. Most eyes have 4 or 5 vortex veins, which leave the eye at or posterior to the equator.
Optical coherence tomography of macular holes. Ophthalmology. 1995;102(5):748-756. Hee MR, Puliafito CA, Wong C, et al. Quantitative assessment of macular edema with optical coherence tomography. Arch Ophthalmol. 1995;113(8):1019-1029. Huang D, Swanson EA, Lin CP, et al. Optical coherence tomography. Science. 1991;254(5035): 1178-1181. Kiernan DF, Mieler WF, Hariprasad SM. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography: a comparison of modern high-resolution retinal imaging systems. Am J Ophthalmol.
Although teratogenic effects have not been identified, many ophthalmologists avoid using FA in pregnant women in the first trimester unless absolutely necessary. Also of note, fluorescein is transmitted to breast milk in lactating women. Lower doses of fluorescein should be used in patients with renal insufficiency. Berkow TW, Flower RW, Orth DH, Kelley rs. Fluorescein and Indocyanine Green Angiography : Technique and Interpretation. 2nd ed. Ophthalmology Monograph 5. San Francisco: American Academy of Ophthalmology; 1997.