By Juan Maria Songel
One of many 20th century's most crucial layout visionaries, German architect and structural engineer Frei Otto(b. 1925) made his mark with a sequence of super-light tensile structures—such because the West German Pavilion for Montreal's Expo sixty seven and the Olympic Stadium in Munich (1972)—that are celebrated for his or her technical ingenuity and fabric potency. but regardless of Otto's achievements, particularly little has been released on his paintings. A dialog with Frei Otto encompasses a accomplished interview with Otto in addition to his serious textual content Fundamentals of a destiny Architecture in its entirety. In his dialog with Juan María Songel, Otto talks freely approximately every thing from his early connections to the Bauhaus to his suggestions at the present kingdom of engineering and structure. the most recent in our Conversations sequence, this booklet additionally contains photographs of Otto's most vital and recognized works.
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Additional info for A Conversation with Frei Otto
We have already talked about the validity of models in the search for form, and now I’d like to return to the systematization of forms and structures. Every generation of architects has posed this problem, which 53 54 seems to be a permanent objective: to obtain a globalizing systematization of the infinite variety of forms and structures, in spite of being aware of the impossibility of reaching a definitive systematization. Why set the objective of obtaining a classification of an infinite variety of forms?
All possible separation is erroneous, because experimental physics is as necessary as theoretical physics; it’s not about separating but about integrating. The problem of inventing structures is something very different, as even today it is considered a mental job. One can’t invent new structures by sitting in front of a computer, because the computer shows only the infinite possibilities of what has already been invented. In reality, it’s not necessary to invent anything new, because the computer can already do it all.
Pay attention to this phenomenon. The paper doesn’t deteriorate; it’s kept intact. This type of buckling, described by Euler, happens in an environment where we can’t talk about stress, as there is no stress, only a bit of dead load 41 42 and nothing more. If you take a look at Euler’s formula, you’ll see that he started from the basis that the deformation can start with a circular figure, and therefore the famous π appears. How is buckling generated? To tell you the truth, from trials. One of the most important methods was the ω method, a coefficient by which the stresses increase when the form is slender.