Download A History of Ottoman Architecture by J. Freely PDF

By J. Freely

ISBN-10: 1845645065

ISBN-13: 9781845645069

A heritage of Ottoman Architecture'''' supplies a transparent and concise description of the historical past of the structure produced lower than the Ottoman Empire, targeting the extant constructions within the Republic of Turkey, quite these in Istanbul and the empire's previous capitals in Bursa and Edirne. The monuments in each one bankruptcy are defined in chronological order, with images of every of them (sometimes in previous prints displaying them as they have been in instances past), in addition to photos displaying their plan and elevation. No different booklet at the heritage of Ottoman structure is so richly illustrated, permitting the reader to work out at a look how Ottoman structure developed through the pre- classical, classical, baroque, and early glossy sessions. The e-book starts with a short heritage of the Ottoman Empire, via an overview of the most positive aspects of Ottoman structure and its ornament, then a quick biography of the good Ottoman architect Sinan. Successive chapters persist with the advance of Ottoman structure from 1453 until eventually 1923

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The principal cities in this region were part of the ancient Kingdom of Bithynia, founded in 297 B. C. by the local dynast Zipoetes, who had defeated two successors of Alexander the Great in carving out his realm. Â�Zipoetes was succeeded in 279 B. C. by his son Nicomedes I, who first established his capital at Nicaea, Turkish Iznik. Nicomedes then founded the city of Nicomedes, Turkish Izmit, which became his capital in 265 B. C. The kingdom of Bithynia reached its peak under Nicomedes’ grandson, Prusias I, who founded the city of Prusias ad Â�Olympus, so called because it stood under Mount Olympus of Bithynia, Turkish Ulu Dağ.

Around 1550 this lovely technique gave place to the beautiful and more famous Iznik style, where the design is painted on the clay and covered with an absolutely transparent glaze. Here the predominant colours are: on the purest, most unblemished white ground, deep blue, shades of green, and above all the matchless tomato red. This was made with a clay called Armenian bole, found near Erzurum in eastern Anatolia. It had to be laid on very thickly so that it protrudes from the surface like sealing-wax.

The technique of using it successfully is extremely tricky, so much so that it was only completely mastered around 1570 and lost again in about 1620, so that the absolutely perfect tiles of this period are confined to this half-century. Tile before or after that time tend to be a bit muddy or brownish and lacking in clear outline. But at their best Iznik tiles in the period 1570–1620 are incomparably beautiful. After that the quality of Turkish tiles began to decline, like most other things in the empire.

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