By Heather M Campbell
Starting with the economic Revolution, Europe used to be seized by means of the spirit of political and social innovation and reform that has endured into the twenty first century. the final surroundings of the continent, mirrored within the Romantic, Realist, and Modernist activities that swept via its international locations, mirrored a growing to be attention of formerly ignored social realities that demanded motion. This enticing quantity chronicles Europes variations from the overdue 18th century throughout the current and examines the eu reaction to either prosperity and conflict.
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Additional resources for Advances in Democracy: From the French Revolution to the Present-Day European Union (A History of Western Civilization)
In literature (he had been a poet and writer of novels in his youth), he relished the Celtic legends of Ossian and encouraged his official composer Jean-François Lesueur in the composition of the opera Ossian ou les Bardes. In painting, he favoured the surviving David and the younger men Antoine-Jean, Baron Gros, and Théodore Géricault, both “realists” concerned with perpetuating the colour and drama of imperial life. But to depict matters of contemporary importance on the stage (except perhaps in the ballet, which was flourishing) did not prove possible, for the stage must present genuine moral conflict if it is to produce great works, and moral issues are not discussable under a political censorship.
Valuable articles were agreed to on the free navigation of international rivers and diplomatic precedence. Castlereagh’s great efforts for the abolition of the slave trade were rewarded only by a pious declaration. The Final Act of the Congress of Vienna comprised all these agreements in one great instrument. It was signed on June 9, 1815, by the “eight” (except Spain, who refused as a protest against the Italian settlement). All the other powers subsequently acceded to it. As a result, the lines laid down by the Congress of Vienna lasted, except for one or two changes, for more than 40 years.
What accounts for it is the difficulty of transforming culture overnight. People have to be persuaded out of old habits—and must keep on persuading themselves. Even politically, the revolution proceeded by phases and experienced regressions. Manners and customs themselves did not change uniformly, as one can see from portraits of Maximilien de Robespierre at the height of his power wearing a short wig and knee breeches, republican and Rousseauist though he was. Napoleon’s Influence After Bonaparte’s coup d’état, tension eased as the high revolutionary ideals dropped to a more workaday level, just as the puritanism was replaced by moral license.