By G. Aflakpui
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Extra resources for Agricultural Science
Experiments at these stations in Iowa, Missouri, Ohio, Oklahoma, and Texas all showed plots planted to a continuous cropping system had higher surface soil losses and losses of rainfall than plots planted to a forage or in a three or four year rotation (Uhland, 1948). 2. Crop rotations vs. continuous cropping Crop rotation schemes are, by and large, regional in nature and a specific rotation in one environment may not be applicable in another. Continuous cropping schemes or monocultures for the most part, have fallen out of favor in many farming regions.
Organic farming and its use of crop rotations could be summed up in part, as the employment of proven crop management practices prior to the advent of pesticides and processed fertilizers. This is not to say that improvements on those rotation systems have not occurred. Most have been modified to accommodate mechanization and most other time saving ideas. But, yields may be lower. , (2002) reported on a 21 year study in Europe that crop yields on organic farms were generally 20% lower. However, there was an offsetting decrease of 34% in fertilizer expense, a 53% reduction in energy costs, and a 97% decrease in pesticides.
2008). This allows for an animal agriculture to exist that provides needed calories and returns manure to the land to provide nutrients for the following crop. , 2007). In recent years though, studies have been conducted in semiarid regions of the United States and Canada to adapt a continuous cropping system to replace summer fallow. , 1997). , 2008). However, such practices added little or no increase in wheat yields and it was concluded that the resultant water savings could only be converted to profit by employing intensive cropping systems where fallow time is decreased and summer crops such as maize, grain sorghum, or annual forages and included in the rotation.