By Haim D Rabinowitch, Lesley Currah
The Alliums are probably the most old cultivated vegetation and contain onions, garlic, leeks and different similar crops. the first target of this e-book is to assemble, in one quantity, updated wisdom got by way of various medical disciplines, from the fundamental molecular point, to software within the box, of the allium vegetation. It includes commissioned chapters on issues that experience proven significant advances relatively within the final 10 years similar to molecular biology, floriculture and agronomy. participants comprise prime international specialists from Europe, america, Japan and New Zealand.
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Extra resources for Allium crop science : recent advances
Fritsch and N. 3 Allium macrostemon Bunge Native in the northern central parts of China and Mongolia, this species is grown for the garlic-like taste of its leaves and bulbs. Some strains flower normally and produce fertile seeds (A. uratense; in Korea and Japan the synonym A. grayi is still sometimes in use), but others develop only bulbils (topsets) (A. macrostemon s. ). Apparently it is a local domesticate of China that reached Korea and Japan earlier than true garlic. In recent times it has become a neglected crop because of its low yield (Hanelt, 2001).
1 Allium ampeloprasum alliance Allium ampeloprasum s. lato is a very variable species (or a group of closely related taxa) widely distributed in the Mediterranean basin. In ancient times, tetraploid populations from the eastern part of its area of distribution were domesticated as vegetables and spice plants. The plants multiply by seeds, apart from pearl onions and great-headed garlic, which are mainly propagated by bulbs/cloves. 1), informal classification into cultivar groups is proposed (Hanelt, 2001).
4 History of domestication and cultivation Prehistoric remains of cultivated plants are often extremely helpful for reconstructing their evolution and history. This is especially true for long-living seed crops, such as cereals, but much less so for species like the bulb onion, which have little chance of long-term preservation. Therefore, one has to rely mostly upon written records, carvings and paintings. Hence, the picture one obtains of the history of such species is fragmentary, at least for the earlier epochs.