By Richard E. Blanton, Gary M. Feinman, Stephen A. Kowalewski, Linda M. Nicholas
Simply after 500 B.C., one of many earliest states within the New global built within the Valley of Oaxaca, in present-day Mexico. The newly created political establishment introduced in its wake a profound transformation of society and expertise. This booklet investigates the wealthy archaeological checklist of the valley in an try to throw mild at the explanations and results of those adjustments.
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Additional info for Ancient Oaxaca: The Monte Alban State
This The Valley of Oaxaca: a regional setting 39 was hardly a household exempt from work or one whose status was clearly determined through descent reckoning. What it suggests is that wealth and status accrued to households that were central to exchange networks linking them to people in other regions and that turned out goods involved in these exchanges in large quantities. , Lewis 1942). In both of these cases, influential household heads were successful in part because they were able to assemble and motivate a household capable of high levels of production (for example, on the Plains, in fur processing).
Relates to the nature of craft production and other economic activities of households at San José Mogote. , Earle 1987; Helms 1979:14, 15). At San José Mogote, however, high-status households were involved in the normal range of subsistence activities. Their storage pits and food preparation facilities and implements are similar to those of lower-ranking households, and they may in fact have processed exotic goods more than their lower-ranked contemporaries. For example, an elite house excavated by Flannery and Marcus (1994:333-39) contains evidence for cooking, food storage, the smoothing of wood, the manufacture of heat-treated chert bifaces, basket making, pearl oyster ornament manufacture, and pottery making.
Demarest 1989). In the Valley of Oaxaca, some fancy pottery of the Rosario phase still expressed symbolic themes that were seen in the San José phase, especially earth symbolism, but other decoration appears to consist of geometric designs that may have had less specific symbolic content. The system of dual barrios did not continue through the Middle Formative, and at this point we do not fully understand what kind of social system had developed to replace it (see Feinman et al. 1985; Kowalewski et al.