By Paul E. Minnis, Michael E. Whalen
The Joint Casas Grandes day trip published the intense nature of this web site: enormous structure, colossal ball courts, ritual mounds, over a ton of shell artifacts, enormous quantities of skeletons of multicolored macaws and their pens, copper from west Mexico, and wealthy political and non secular lifestyles with Mesoamerican-related photos and rituals. Paquimé was once now not one sole neighborhood yet used to be surrounded through thousands of outlying villages within the quarter, indicating a region that sustained hundreds of thousands of population and prompted teams a lot farther afield.
In party of the Amerind Foundation’s 70th anniversary, 16 students with direct and immense adventure in Casas Grandes archaeology current 9 chapters protecting its economic system, chronology, background, faith, neighborhood association, and value. the 2 ultimate chapters learn Paquimé in broader geographic views. This quantity sheds new mild on Casas Grandes/Paquimé, an outstanding city well-adapted to its actual and fiscal surroundings that disappeared earlier than Spanish contact.
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Extra info for Ancient Paquimé and the Casas Grandes World
If, however, the agriculture of the southern zone Medio Period continued with much the same technology as seen in the Viejo Period, while at least favored sections of the northern zone moved toward greater productivity with improved water control, then we might be looking at one of the variables involved in the apparent divergence of the northern and southern zones during the Medio Period. Cunningham (2009) suggests that this divergence was related to people being tied more firmly to land in the northern zone because of Medio Period investments in irrigation technology.
Contreras (1982, 1985, 1986) authored several monographs in Spanish on the site, although they are not as well known as JCGE’s major publication, Casas Grandes: A Fallen Trading Center of the Gran Chichimeca (Di Peso 1974, vols. 1–3; Di Peso, Rinaldo, and Fenner 1974, vols. 4–8). Along with the Snaketown project (Gladwin et al. 2). Here we very briefly summarize JCGE’s excavation at Paquimé as a guide for those unfamiliar with its characteristics. The focus of the JCGE was the Medio Period, which Di Peso dated to AD 1060–1340, dates now universally recognized as beginning too early.
Located at the north end of the site, this unit consists of 2 room blocks with about 10 rooms and 4 exceptionally large earthen ovens surround a mound composed in part of cooking debris from the ovens. UNIT 2: MOUND OF THE CROSS. A low cross shaped feature slightly less than 40 m in length with a low circular mound at the end of each cross arm. This feature may mark specific sunrises. UNIT 3: BALL COURT I. This is the largest ball court at Paquimé and probably in the Casas Grandes region. Its flat field is about 19 × 50 m that is flanked on one side by a low rectangular mound and a taller square mound on its southern end.